What is CMD (Command Prompt) ?
CMD/Command prompt is a command line interpreter application available in your Systems Operating System. It is used to execute the entered commands. Command Prompt is officially know as “ Windows Command Processor“, other terms used for it are CMD Prompt and Command Shell, Even the term cmd.exe is extensively used.
Commands and their functionalities
Here are a few commands along with their functionalities that they perform when they are executed. These commands may depend on the version of the Windows you are using.
(using command prompt)
1: ansi.sys : Defines a function that changes the reassign keys, display graphs and control the cursor movement.
2: append : DOS looks in other directories when running a command or when editing a file.
3: assign : Alternate letters are assigned to a drive letter.
4: break : Enable/disable “ctrl+C” feature.
5: cd : Change directory.
6: chdir : Change directories.
7: chkdsk : Check your hard-drive running ‘FAT’ for errors.
8: cls : Clear the screen.
9: color : Change the background color of the command prompt.
10: comp : Compare files.
11: data : Change/view the system date.
12: del : Delete one or more files.
13: dir : List the content of the current directory.
14: doskey : View/run commands that have been run in the past.
15: echo : Displays messages / enable or disable echo.
16: erase : Erase the files from the system.
17: exit : Exits from the command interpreter.
18: fc : Compare file.
19: find : Search text/word within the file.
20: findstr : Search for a string(group of words) within the file.
21: ftp : Connects and operates on an ‘FTP’ server.
22: keyb : Changes the layout of the keyboard.
23: lock : Locks the hard-drive.
24: logoff : Logoff the currently profile used by the system.
25: md : Make new directory.
26: mklink : Creates a symbolic link.
27: more : Dispalys one page at-a-time.
28: net fix, view, update the network and its setting.
29: path : Modify/view the systems path location.
30: ping : Test and send the information to another network device.
31: print : Prints data(to a printer port if any).
32: rd : Remove directory.
33: shutdown : Shutdowns the system from the command prompt.
34: time : View/change the time of the system.
35: undelete : Recycle/recover a deleted file.
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